Black gram is one of the important grain legumes in the rain fed farming system in dry and intermediate zones in South Asia. It can be grown under low moisture and fertility conditions. It has high nutritive value and consist high content of proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Climatic and soil requirements
It can be grown under low moisture and fertile soil conditions. Prefer dry weather condition. Optimum temperature between 250C – 35 0C. Maturity period should be coincide with the dry weather condition for high yield and quality seeds. Optimum soil pH is 6 – 7.
Recommended varieties For Sri Lanka
- MI 1 – Take 80-90 days to maturity. Average yield is 2.5 t/ha.
- Anuradha – New variety. Take 80-90 days to maturity.
- Seed rate
- 30 kg/ha
- 40 cm x 8 cm
- Land preparation
Plough and harrow the land. Organic matter was added to the soil and mixed well before seeding. Make ridges or flat beds according to the irrigation method.